Comparison of mortality from COVID-19 and influenza in the fall and winter of 2022-2023.

Comparability of mortality from COVID-19 and influenza within the fall and winter of 2022-2023.

In a current research revealed in YAMA Journal researchers in contrast mortality charges from coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) to seasonal influenza mortality within the 2022–2023 fall/winter season.

analysis: Danger of dying in sufferers hospitalized for COVID-19 versus seasonal influenza in fall and winter 2022-2023.. Picture credit score: CROCOTHERY/


Within the early levels of the COVID-19 pandemic, the dying fee related to extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is believed to be 5 instances that of seasonal influenza.

Nonetheless, the speedy improvement of vaccines in opposition to COVID-19 and varied remedies, together with antiviral medication and monoclonal antibodies, have considerably diminished the variety of deaths from SARS-CoV-2 infections.

As well as, well being services and immunity in opposition to SARS-CoV-2 on the inhabitants stage have improved, decreasing the variety of deaths from COVID-19.

These adjustments may additionally have affected the dying fee from seasonal influenza.

About research

The researchers used the US Division of Veterans Affairs digital well being databases to enroll members within the research.

Contributors had not less than one hospitalization report between October 2020 and January 2023, two days earlier than and ten days after a constructive check for influenza or SARS-CoV-2, along with a analysis of influenza or COVID-19 at receipts. People with each infections have been excluded.

Contributors have been adopted for 30 days after hospitalization till the primary dying or till March 2, 2023. Absolute standardized variations have been used to research baseline traits of all members.

Inverse probability-weighted Cox survival fashions have been used to match mortality danger between sufferers hospitalized with influenza and COVID-19.

Propensity scores have been calculated adjusting for covariates. Absolute danger was additionally calculated primarily based on the distinction in 30-day mortality charges between COVID-10 and influenza as a proportion of extra dying.

As well as, danger evaluation was carried out for subgroups primarily based on age, vaccination standing in opposition to COVID-19, severity of SARS-CoV-2 an infection, and ambulatory therapy with antiviral medication in opposition to COVID-19 earlier than hospitalization.

The outcomes

The outcomes confirmed that the dying fee from COVID-19 amongst veterans in the course of the 2022-2023 fall/winter season continued to be increased than from seasonal influenza.

Throughout the research interval, there have been 8,996 hospitalizations attributable to COVID-19, together with 538 deaths, and 76 deaths amongst 2,403 sufferers hospitalized attributable to seasonal influenza.

After 30 days, the mortality charges for SARS-CoV-2 an infection and seasonal influenza have been 5.97% and three.75%, respectively, and the surplus mortality was 2.23%.

Subgroup evaluation confirmed that vaccination in opposition to COVID-19 was related to a decrease dying fee, however different subgroup evaluation elements, reminiscent of age and outpatient antiviral therapy, didn’t have an effect on the dying fee.

Though the dying fee related to COVID-19 continues to be increased than that of seasonal influenza, it ought to be famous that the dying fee of extreme SARS-CoV-2 infections requiring hospitalization has decreased considerably from 2020 (when the dying fee was between 17% and 21%). Seasonal flu mortality charges have remained comparatively secure since 2020 (3.8% vs. 3.7% in 2023).

The researchers consider that the decline within the dying fee from COVID-19 might have been attributable to a number of elements. These embody the emergence of latest much less virulent SARS-CoV-2 variants, elevated immunity to a number of doses of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines and infections, and important enhancements in scientific care.

The distinction in mortality charges between unvaccinated and vaccinated people or vaccinated people highlights the significance of COVID-19 vaccines in decreasing the burden and mortality related to COVID-19.

One limitation of the research is that the research inhabitants consisted primarily of older male veterans, making it tough to generalize the findings to the bigger inhabitants.


General, the outcomes confirmed that the dying fee from COVID-19 has decreased considerably because the begin of the pandemic. Nonetheless, mortality from seasonal flu stays increased.

Nonetheless, the first and booster vaccines considerably diminished the mortality fee from COVID-19, highlighting the protecting impact of the vaccines.

The writer

Dr. Chinta Siddharthan

Chinta Siddharthan is a author from Bangalore, India. Her background is in evolutionary biology and genetics, and he or she has in depth expertise in analysis, educating, writing, and herpetology. Chinta holds a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the Indian Institute of Science and is keen about science schooling, writing, animals, wildlife and conservation. For her doctoral analysis, she investigated the origin and diversification of blind snakes in India, for which she carried out in depth fieldwork within the jungles of southern India. She has obtained the Canadian Governor Basic’s Bronze Medal and the Bangalore College Gold Medal for educational excellence and has revealed her analysis in in style journals.


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